JD Degree Requirements

The juris doctor (JD) degree is conferred upon students who have satisfactorily completed:

  • three years in full-time residence or six years in half-time residence, or the equivalent, and
  • a minimum of fifty-six credits in addition to the hours of credit allocated to required first year courses.

A JD will not be conferred upon any student who has not been in residence for two full-time academic years or four half-time academic years.

To be eligible for the JD degree, all candidates must fulfill the following requirements:

JD Degree Requirements

Requirement

Details

First Year Program

Successfully complete the First Year Program (or equivalent) according to the standing rules of the Faculty or any special standing requirements of combined programs.

Administrative Law

Successfully complete Administrative Law, as early in the program as possible.  See below for more information.

Ethics and Professionalism

Students graduating in 2015 or later must successfully complete at least 24 hours of a course of study dedicated to ethics and professionalism. This requirement cannot be fulfilled at a different law faculty.  See below for more information.

Moot

Successfully complete a moot, either a Competitive Moot or the Upper Year moot.  This requirement cannot be fulfilled at a different law faculty. See below for more information.

Business Organizations Law

Students graduating in 2015 or later must successfully complete a course in business organization law. This requirement cannot be fulfilled at a different law faculty.  See below for more information.

International/Comparative/ Transnational (ICT) Course

Successfully complete an International, Comparative, or Transnational Law (ICT) course for a minimum of 3 credits. See below for more information.

Perspective Course

Successfully complete a Perspective course in one of the upper years. This requirement cannot be fulfilled at a different law faculty. See below for more information.

No Conflicts

You may not take courses which conflict on the timetable or on the examination schedule.

Minimum and Maximum Credits

Satisfy the prescribed minimum and maximum credits in the upper years as required by the relevant program. See below for more information.

NOTE:  Where a course is designated as eligible under more than one of the Perspectives, ICT, Business Organizations Law, and Ethics and Professionalism requirements, a student may satisfy any one (but not more than one) of those requirements by taking the course. For instance, a course listed as both an ICT and a Perspectives course may be taken in fulfilment of either the ICT or the Perspectives requirement, but not both. 

Credit Requirements

3 year J.D. Program

  • Take a minimum of 13 and a maximum of 16 credits each term.
  • Take a minimum of 28 and a maximum of 32 credits each year.
    Note: In extreme circumstances, with permission from the Assistant Dean, Office of the Associate Dean, students may take 17 credits in a term.

Half-Time J.D. Program

  • Take a minimum of 6 and a maximum of 8 credits each term.
  • Take a minimum of 14 and a maximum of 16 credits each year.

 

Administrative Law

All students must complete a course on Canadian Administrative Law in order to graduate.  Because Administrative Law is a prerequisite for many upper year courses, the Faculty recommends taking this course as early in the program as possible.

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Ethics and Professionalism Requirement

In either second or third year, students graduating during or after 2015 must take at least one course of study that covers ethics and professionalism. An Ethics and Professionalism course of study is concerned with the ethical dimensions of the practice of law in Canada.

Students may fulfil this requirement either by completing a qualifying term-length legal ethics seminar (LAW362H – Legal Ethics or LAW525H – Ethics in the Business Setting) or by completing an upper-year intensive course (LAW287H – Legal Ethics and Lawyer Regulation).

  • Half-Time Program students must satisfy the Ethics and Professionalism requirement in either part of second or third year.
  • Combined Program students must satisfy the Ethics and Professionalism requirement during one of the combined years at the law school.
  • Exchange Program students must satisfy the Ethics and Professionalism requirement at the law school.

Mooting Program

The successful completion of a moot, typically held in the second term, is an academic requirement of the Faculty of Law. This requirement must be fulfilled while in residence at this Faculty either by a Competitive Moot or the Upper-Year Moot.
 
Students in the 3-year J.D. program or three-year combined programs may fulfill this requirement in either second or third year.
Students in four-year combined programs may fulfill this requirement in either the third or fourth year of their program.Students in the Half-Time Program may fulfill this requirement in either the second half of second year or the second half of third year. Students may earn a maximum of 6 credits for mooting during the upper years of the program, either through the upper year moot and one competitive moot, two competitive moots, or a combination of mooting and coaching.

a) Competitive Moots

  • See Courses on the main Faculty of Law website for list of Competitive Moots.
  • DO NOT select a Competitive Moot on the Course Selection Program.
  • Try-outs take place in September; watch Headnotes and the listserv for details.
  • The Moot will be added to student's program once participation is confirmed following the try-outs. Students will then have an opportunity to adjust their credits.

b) Upper Year Moot

  • Students must select the Upper Year Moot as part of their course selection.
  • Preparation for the Upper Year Moot begins in the first term: see Courses - Moot - Upper Year for details and important deadlines.
  • Students work in groups of four and are assigned their moot topic and moot date by lottery. 
  • Students will be expected to work to develop the factum and oral argument, culminating in a moot before a three person panel. 
  • Students will receive one ungraded credit upon successful completion of both the factum and the oral argument in the mooting program.

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Business Organizations Law Requirement

In either second or third year, students graduating during or after 2015 must take at least one qualifying course concerned with business organizations law.

Students may fulfil this requirement by completing Business Organizations (LAW212H) .  The Faculty may designate other eligible courses. 

  • Half-Time Program students must satisfy the Business Organizations Law requirement in either part of second or third year.
  • Combined Program students must satisfy the Business Organizations Law requirement during one of the combined years at the law school.
  • Exchange Program students must satisfy the Business Organizations Law requirement at the law school. 
  • All students must fulfill this requirement while in residence at the Faculty of Law.

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International / Comparative / Transnational Course

In either second or third year, students must take at least one International, Comparative, or Transnational Law (ICT) course for a minimum of 3 credits. An ICT course is concerned with global themes and requires students to examine law from a non-Canadian perspective. ICT courses contain a significant international, comparative or transnational component. See the relevant web page for a list of ICT courses. They are also indicated in the course descriptions on the main Faculty of Law website. All students must fulfill this requirement while at the U of T Faculty of Law with the exception of exchange students.* 

  • Half-time Program students must satisfy the ICT course requirement in either part of second or third year.
  • Combined Program students must satisfy the ICT requirement during one of the combined years at the law school.
  • *Exchange Program students may satisfy the requirement by taking an ICT course worth at least 3 credits during a law school approved international exchange.
  • Directed Research may fulfill the ICT requirement on application to the Directed Research Committee.

Back to TopPerspective Course Requirement

In either second or third year, students must take at least one perspective course worth a minimum of two credits. A Perspective course is concerned with the nature, sources, and purposes of legal regulation in general rather than with the study of legal doctrine in a particular area. See the relevant web page for a list of Perspective courses. They are also indicated in the course descriptions on the main Faculty of Law website. Directed Research may also be undertaken as a perspective course on application to the Directed Research Committee.

  • Half-Time Program students must satisfy the Perspective course requirement in either part of second or third year.
  • Combined Program students must satisfy the Perspective course requirement during one of the combined years at the law school.
  • Exchange Program studentsmust satisfy the Perspective course requirement at the law school. 
  • Directed Research may fulfill the Perspective requirement on application to the Directed Research Committee.

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